Jumat, 05 Oktober 2012

Glowing Mushrooms Found in Borneo


Friday, October 5, 2012 10:41 PM

AMSTERDAM, tribunkaltim.co.id - mushroom expert from the Netherlands found two species of fungi are capable of producing light in his expedition to Borneo. One of the suspected fungus speies new species.

"Fungi that produce light rare but exist in certain parts of the world. Phenomenon is called bioluminesense and can only be seen in the dark in the woods," said Luis Morgardo from Leiden University, one of the scientists involved in the discovery of writings on Biodiversity Center Naturalist, Tuesday (09/25/2012).

To find these species, Morgardo working with other scientists including Jozsef Geml, assistant professor and researcher at the University of Leiden in the Netherlands National Herbarium, who became his supervisor. They explore the ecosystems on Mount Kinabalu, Borneo in Malaysia. Expedition to find the fungus has to be done at night.

"During the day, one species may be encountered and photographed without knowing that the species too, entered bioluminesens, only expedition in the evening that could reveal hidden phenomena at noon today," said Morgardo.

Morgardo adding that to find exotic species, expedition evening had to be done. If you just follow the habit, go early and go home before the sun sets, Morgardo mengatkan, "you risk to melelwatkan valuable discovery."

According Morgardo, bioluminesens the fungus is the result of the oxidation process and has not been well documented. Bioluminesens a fungal strategy to attract insects that can spread the spores. In the tropical rain forest is minimal wind to spread the spores, insects are very valuable.

In addition to finding this glowing mushroom, a team of researchers from the Netherlands who was also accompanied by Malaysian researchers also collected DNA samples from 1400 3500 species of plants, animals and fungi. From the analysis results, it was revealed at least 160 species are not yet known.

LiveScience reported on Thursday (10/04/2012), other researchers who participated in the expedition, Hans Feijen, finding flies whose eyes have some sort of rod to attract females. Flies that otherwise could live up to 1.5 years of age who long for groups of insects.

Rachel Schwallier, other researchers, also found a bag semar type of Nepenthes lowii in place that has not been documented as a habitat for the species. All these findings will be published next year.

Editor: Adhinata Kusuma
Source: Kompas.com
http://kaltim.tribunnews.com/mobile/index.php/2012/10/05/jamur-bercahaya-ditemukan-di-borneo
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