Sabtu, 21 Mei 2011

Dayak Punan Merah Feet: Between There and Gone

In the upper Barito there are three villages that are considered as the Dayak Punan settlements, namely Karamu tumbles, tumbles Tunjang, and tumbles Topus. The third resident of this village say they are descendants of the Punan. Punan are magical, powerful man in the jungle. They can relieve themselves only by hiding behind a leaf. Difficult to follow in his footsteps. They walk sideways and very fast. Their bodies are light because they do not eat salt.
However, if you ask them about Ot Siau or Red Legged Punan, they themselves say is never seen nor met. But they believe that the Punan Red Legged do exist, with unique characteristics, namely red hands and feet like the feet of birds Siau.
Residents of three villages that make the two categories of Punan. First, "Punan Government", the Punan people who are willing to live-settled in the village. Second, Siau Punan living in caves and wander in the jungle. People Karamu, Tunjang, and Topus claim to be "Punan Stay", and brothers with whom believed Siau Punan living in the Upper River borax.
Punan the "original", according to these people, are those who live in the jungle and the caves are dark. Feet and hands stained red with leaves saronang or jarenang. Their whole bodies were covered with a fungus that contain phosphorus so that it looks light in the darkness.
In the case of hunting, killing abstinence Poenan Siau unsuspecting animal. If met with a busy deer eat the foliage, he clapped his hands loudly to alert their presence.
When the deer was startled and ran away, did he chase. They are a true hunter armed with chopsticks, and never conquered by stalking prey silently.
Although able to speak a lot, none of the inhabitants of three villages had never met directly with the Punan Siau. Several other parents said he has seen only footprints, but never saw the man. According to them, it happens because the Punan Siau has the word reverie, the magic spell to remove himself behind a leaf.
Punan is a collection of amazing stories. In the local treasures of Borneo, Punan people are always portrayed as brave and skilled hunting. They were viewed as supernatural high-powered people. They can disappear and have a tajam.Mereka olfactory also seen as a special human forest dwellers. Punan also have knowledge of effective drugs, from roots and leaves of forest timber. That said, if the Punan women give birth, they will be cured in one day.
Punan Tombs

In the village of Fall Topus there is no more a pure Punan. It was just a mixture between Punan and the Noon-Joyless, Bahau, Benuaq, and Ot Danum or Kahayan. Toras, Potogor, and Batang Pantar of which there are several in the village showed that in their death rituals tend to be as the Ot Danum or Siang Joyless.
They identified themselves as descendants of the Punan in a pile of large stones by the local people called the Stone Awu-Balang. In one alcove seemed to lay the stone hill two skulls and human bones.
According to them, skull and bones belonged to two prominent Punan named Awu and Balang. Approaching death, they mandated that his bones should not be buried in the ground, but placed in a stone niche, like the Punan who dwells in a stone cave.
For the Fall Topus, Awu-Balang Stone is not just a cemetery, but it is a monument to the origins of yourself because there are indications that their ancestor indeed the Punan.
Knowledge of the Punan not just monopoly anthropologist. Dayak people is also very active in building their self identity. As an internal agent, they actively construct themselves. At Karamu tumbles, tumbles Tujang, and tumbles Topus, they emphatically said "We are not the Punan Habongkot, not Punan Kareho, and also not the Punan Siau. We are the Punan Joyless. "
Nearly a century ago, Carl Lumholtz, a Norwegian explorer, has conducted expeditions Barito-Muller-Mahakam (1915-1916). River upstream of Busang he met with the Punan Panyawung.

But now, at the beginning of the 21st century, we visited kalolah Joyless River upstream, we will meet with new Punan, the Punan Joyless, Punan who are not original anymore. So, Punan exists and no. (Vb-01/Marko Mahin: Lecturer of Religion and Culture at the College of Theology Dayak Kalimantan Evangelical Church of Banjarmasin and Researcher at the Institute for the Study of Dayak-21)

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